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Top 7 Peruvian Musical Instruments



Peruvian instruments

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For centuries, Peruvian instruments have been a massive part of the country’s culture. The most famous are the charango and huancaras, two-stringed guitars that have captivated listeners worldwide. Despite their popularity for many years, these two instruments are not even close to being Peru’s only musical treasures.

Peru is a country with rich culture, history, and music. Peru has an ancient tradition of making musical instruments using unique materials like wood and copper. Visitors to the country are often amazed at seeing so many different types of Peruvian instruments at once. Here is a list of 7 top Peruvian musical instruments you might want to know about!

3 Types of Instruments in Peruvian music

Stringed instruments

The Charango is the instrument that not only dominates the stringed scene but is actually the most prominent instrument in Peru. It is, in fact, the national instrument of the country. It was developed during Spanish colonization and was an imitation of the Spanish vihuela. It is used as part of the local courtship ritual in a few regions of Peru. While it was mainly limited to the rural poor until the 1960s, it became more prominent across the regions and classes after the indigenismo movement promoted greater inclusion of indigenous groups.

Peruvian stringed instruments

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The Spanish guitar is common across the country. The bandurria is another Spanish stringed instrument prevalent across Peru, but unlike the Spanish guitar, the bandurria has been dramatically changed by Peruvian musicians. It now features between 12 and 16 strings in four courses, whereas the original bandurria had 12 strings in 6 courses. Other stringed instruments of European origin that are popular in Peru are the harp and violin.

Percussion instruments

The most important and prominent percussion instrument of Peru is the Cajon. African slaves developed it. Even the cowbell originates in Africa. The bombo was another imported percussion instrument; it was originally from Europe.

The percussion instruments that are of Peru origin (or Andean origin, to be more precise) are the tinya and wankara.

Wind instruments

Flutes and panpipes are the two significant types of wind instruments in Peru. These musical instruments are typically built to play on the hexatonic, pentatonic, and tritonic scales, although modern musicians play them in European diatonic scales. Siku is the most common panpipe, while pinkillu and tarka are the common flutes. In addition to these, ocarina and wakra phuku are two wind instruments that cannot be properly segmented.

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7 Top Musical Instruments of Peru

1. Cajón

This is a percussion instrument that’s kind of like the Latin American version of a drum set. They have their own particular sound and texture, which makes them great for playing various styles of music from across South America! They are also called a “box drum.”

Cajons are shaped like a cube and have the same dimensions on all sides. They also can come in different sizes, but they’re always composed of three boards that form the box, which is then covered by some kind of material—ranging from wood to metal sheeting. Nowadays, cajon dimensions are mostly around 48 x 30 x 30 cm in size. Read this article to know everything about Cajon history and Basics.

peruvian instrument

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The Cajon has been around for centuries; it originated in Peru during colonial times (about 1580). In fact, there’s even evidence to suggest that their origin might date back as far as 1150 AD! It’s still unclear exactly who invented this musical instrument or where because people were using drums long before Europeans introduced them into South America. However, we know that these instruments became popular among African slaves due to their construction and size.

The cajon still plays a big part in Peru’s music scene today; it can be found alongside other acoustic instruments such as the guitar, Charango, ukulele, and quena (traditional woodwind). It also features prominently on more modern sounds like Afrobeat or reggae because of its ability to produce deep bass tones.

They’re now commonly seen accompanying bands playing everything from traditional folk songs to contemporary styles of music.

2. Ocarina

The ocarina is a small, spherical flute. It has six finger holes and one thumb hole in the instrument’s body, which also acts as an air channel. The word “ocarina” comes from the Italian term for “little goose.”

An early form had five finger holes instead of six, but this was found to be too awkward to play with sufficient skill. Ocarinas are made primarily from ceramic or plastic today.

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There have been few changes in technique such that most ocarinas can still be played either way; some players prefer using five fingers rather than risking injury to their thumbs by covering two adjacent holes at once.

Ocarinas come in many shapes and sizes, ranging from small, palm-sized instruments to larger instruments capable of producing a more resonant sound. They are often used as children’s toys and for light entertainment in parties or gatherings.

3. Charango

The Charango is a small stringed national instrument in Peruvian music. It was invented during the Viceroyalty of Peru by musicians imitating the Spanish vihuela.

It is traditionally made from an armadillo shell, but it can also be made from wood. Modern charangos are predominantly made from wood, and nowadays, there are many different types of woods available. It will have five courses with two strings each for a total of 10 strings. However, there are other variants too.

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Nowadays, there are electric and hybrid acoustic-electric charangos. There are many variants of Charango, and typically, each variant is named after the town or region it originated in. Some examples are Walaycho, Ronroco, and Charangon.

The Charango belongs to the lute family and originated in the Andean populations post-colonization. The introduction of European stringed instruments by the Spanish is what led to the development of it.

The Charango forms a significant part of traditional Andean music but is increasingly being adopted by other Latin American musicians.

4. Tarka ( Flutes)

The Tarka is a rectangular flute. It is typically made from wood and has six holes. The mouthpiece is kind of like a whistle and has a small air hole. There is also a free hole at the end. The Tarka takes a lot of breath to play and has a primitive sound that is much darker and penetrating than other block flutes.

There are three variants of the tarka: big, medium, and small. These are usually played together as part of a large ensemble with percussion instruments like the tinya.

It is typically made by artisans from the western regions of Peru. Sometimes these artisans make really intricate pieces with color that just look and sound phenomenal. The Tarka was a part of tribal ceremonies and was used to mimic bird sounds.

5. Siku

The siku (or antara) is a panpipe that forms the core of a music genre called the sikuri. The siku has two rows of pipes and is traditionally placed by two musicians, with each musician taking one row. However, nowadays, just one musician will play both rows.

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Sikus typically have 13 pipes, but there are varieties with a higher or lower number of pipes. Many communities have developed their own siku primarily due to the mountainous landscape that’s hard to navigate. Some examples of siku types would be the malta, ika, and toyo. Toya has the longest pipes, with some up to 4 feet long!

It is usually made out of bamboo shoots, but people have used condor feathers and bones, among other materials to make it too. The material a siku is made of dramatically affects its sounds. A shallow-walled siku made from bamboo is louder and more resonant than a deep-walled one. However, deep-walled sikus are more common as they are sturdier.

While there are many varieties of Siku, there is now a standardized version that is used in western music forms.

6. Tinya

The tinya (also known as kirki) is a small percussion instrument that is made out of leather. This instrument was developed before the colonization of Peru. It is handmade and is used in traditional Peruvian music, especially during dances. In the town of Los Danzanetes de Levato, a single musician will play the Tinya along with a siku simultaneously.

7. Pinkillu

The pinkillu is another small flute. It is a pretty small musical instrument and is typically played with just one hand, with the other hand being used to play percussion instruments like the tinya. It is played during the early rainy season to celebrate agriculture. It is believed that playing the pinkillu will cause rain. Musicians also moisten it with alcohol or water before playing; this is said to help fertility.

It is typically made out of cane but can also be made out of bone, bamboo, or tree branches. It can be up to 1.2 meters long and has six finger holes. The pinkillu is tied together with the nerves of sheep or llama.

What is the typical music in Peru?

Peru has a wide range of music styles and musical instruments, from Cumbia to Andean Folk. But cumbia is considered to be Peru’s favorite music throughout the country.

Hi, my name is Erick Ycaza. I have a BA in Advertising & Graphic Design. This blog is to provide you with daily music news and share my personal style.


Band Life: 5 Ways To Handle An Unexpected Tour Van Repair



tour van

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The van breaking down is every touring band’s nightmare, but it happens more often than you might think. Maybe that beater you thought had enough life in it to get you through the last legs of your tour doesn’t turn over one morning after a gig. Or perhaps your bandmate accidentally rear-ends someone and now you’re stuck on the side of the road exchanging information.

Bad luck can strike any time, anywhere, on your tour, stranding you in an unfamiliar town. What are you going to do? This guide is here to help.

1. Know Your Insurance Plans

Whether you own the van or you’re just renting, check your insurance policy to understand what it covers in the event of an accident. This coverage may be the only realistic way you can handle an at-fault accident, so you’ll want to review your policy and inform your insurance provider if major property damage or medical bills are involved.

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You’ll also want to check your credit card company to see its insurance policy. Depending on the company, it may cover anything you purchased using the card, including damaged gear.

2. Call Roadside Assistance

If anyone in the band has a membership to the American Automobile Association (AAA), use it to call the organization for help. A membership gets you access to free towing within a certain radius of your pickup location. AAA technicians can also help your band out if you need to jump a battery, install a spare tire, or unlock the van after someone locks the keys inside.

What happens if no one has a AAA membership? You can call a towing company to give you a tow to the nearest auto mechanic.
In the event of an accident, a tow truck may arrive at the scene before you look up a number. Don’t go with these companies. Even though they may seem convenient, these collision chasers run towing scams to trick unwitting drivers into costly towing fees.

3. Talk with the Mechanic

When you bring the van into the auto shop, discuss your needs with the mechanic. As a touring band, you may not have the biggest budget for repairs, so discuss patch jobs that will get you running again. While the van may not have a long and healthy life ahead of it, a mechanic can prioritize work that makes it roadworthy.

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While you’re at it, you can discuss financing plans to help the band afford essential repairs. Plenty of auto shops provide financing that acts a lot like personal installment loans. Instead of a bank issuing you a cash advance, the mechanic’s billing department breaks down the total repair into multiple payments spread out over time.

4. Investigate Installment Loans Online

If a mechanic isn’t willing to set up a payment plan, you’re stuck paying the bill upfront on your own. If the band doesn’t have enough spare cash and savings collectively, you may want to research online installment loans.

You can easily learn about the benefits of installment loans over the phone while sitting around in the waiting room. Basically, they’re convenient loans available through quick applications online. Depending on your lender, they may even be available with bad credit.

5. Set up a GoFund Me

Don’t like the sound of taking out an installment loan under your name for the band? If they’re great bandmates but terrible with money, that’s probably a good idea.

Instead of borrowing an online installment loan, try asking your fans for help. If you still have several dates left in your tour, you’re going to have a lot of disappointed fans who can’t see your show. They might be willing to pitch in some money to make sure you show up, so set up an online fundraising campaign on GoFund Me.

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Does Music Have An Influence On Sports Betting?



sports betting

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People listen to music during all kinds of activities. It is used to help us calm down after an intense workday, or to pump up the energy before entering the office. All of us know that music has a certain power over us.

But does it have an influence or impact on sports betting? For instance, do you like listening to music when checking the NFL odds on websites like BetUS? And if the answer is yes – and it probably is, let’s try to find out why.

There is a good reason why music is played during sports matches

If you like sports betting, you have certainly watched a match or two during your lifetime. In this case, you must have noticed that music plays a big part in every match. Obviously, the Super Bowl halftime show is completely in its own league, but this is not the only sporting event that features music.

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Even smaller sporting events play music. It is most commonly used for entertainment during the half-time, but there are other reasons as well. Music is also used to hype up the crowd before sports matches, as well as to celebrate the winner in the end.

Additionally, you’ve also probably noticed that almost every team has their own song or tune that welcomes them to the field or court. So, it’s safe to say that music plays quite a big role in sports.

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Some online betting sites play music in the background

Because music is so closely connected to sports, it comes as no surprise that it also plays a big role in sports betting. Due to this, the majority of betting sites choose to play their own background music.

Some high-quality betting sites even allow bettors to choose which type of music they want to listen to while placing online bets. And they even offer the option to switch it off, if you don’t like the tunes offered or if you find them distracting.

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Music can easily set the mood

As mentioned, music can easily help set the right mood. So, by choosing the right tunes, you can easily set the right mood for placing some online bets. And if you don’t like the jams offered on the website or you find them distracting, you can easily switch them off and play some of your favorite songs instead.

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What Type Of Music Works Best At Party Bars And Pubs?



party bars

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Music has a direct impact on whether or not customers enjoy themselves at your party bar or pub.

The right party bar soundtrack may make time seem to fly by. Customers are welcome to sing along, order another drink, and spend a bit more money. Including decent music could be critical to the success of your pub.

However, you’ll need to take extra precautions to discover the correct music and ensure that you have the legal right to utilize it.

What kind of music can you play?

Algorithms do not make songs. They are made by actual individuals, who expect to be compensated for their efforts.

Their earnings do not stop after their recording hits the airwaves. Every time that piece of music is played, whether in its original form or by a cover artist, the composer should be paid.

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Picking the Best Music

Once you’ve decided to play music at your restaurant, you’ll need to choose the right songs to set the tone. The atmosphere of a party bar or pub is critical to its success.

Music can help to foster a sense of belonging. Spaces with familiar music playing appear to be familiar. That means that selecting music that your ideal patron could enjoy is critical to your long-term success as a bar owner.

The music you choose should be influenced by the experience your customers expect. Customers may expect any of the following when they enter your party bars:

● Darkness, loud music, and dancing
● Patrons who are kid-friendly and drink lightly
● Spirited debates and loud cursing
● A comparable experience found in an English pub

Variety Is a Vital Point

The playlist for each bar is unique, just like the bar itself. Music that appears to be perfectly suited to one type of customer may appear completely wrong to another. Because there are so many various types of bars and bar-goers, it’s hard to create a single list that’s appropriate for every situation.

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Furthermore, many bars change their music playlists throughout the night. Each bartender mentioned altering the tracks based on the atmosphere in the room. They may play softer, blues-style music early in the evening when the party is just getting started, and late at night when patrons are tipsy and nostalgic.

That is why having a diverse musical collection is essential. You’ll be able to keep the celebration going if you have a lot of options.

It Matters Where You Play Your Music!

You are well aware that you cannot simply play music from your phone or personal music streaming account in your bar or pub. To legally play music in your bar, you must have a commercial streaming subscription.

Commercial streaming services such as Soundtrack Your Band, Pandora for Business, Cloud Cover Music, and Rockbot are available. All of these providers include a public performance license, which allows you to legally play the songs in your bar or pub.

The trick is to select a provider that simplifies the entire procedure for you.

Some services, for example, make it simple to customize playlists, and you may set tracks for specific periods. This guarantees that the music is appropriate for the time of day, promoting the greatest atmosphere and encouraging customers to linger and order more drinks.

Top Songs in Party Bars That People Never Get Tired of Hearing

Some songs are simply traditional bar songs. When people hear these tunes, they want to sing along, sway to the music, and order another round.

Here are a few of the most popular songs that people never tire of hearing in bars:

“American Girl”
“Don’t Stop Believin”
“Friends In Low Places”
“Living On A Prayer”
“Hit Me With Your Best Shot”
“Bohemian Rhapsody”
“Closing Time”
“Raise Your Glass”
“Pour Some Sugar On Me”


For Party Bar and pubs the above-explained factors are important. Do keep in mind for a better experience. These tunes are sure to get everyone up and dancing, whether you’re throwing a party at a party bar. With many more playlists in your back pocket, it will be simple to arrange an exciting night with friends!

Which song do you think will make everyone leap out of their seats? What’s your go-to playlist for a good time?

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